Beginner’s Guide to Using Two-Ways Radio Communication

two-way communication

In a neighborhood communications environment, there are different ways to gather and collect information. One of the best ways of collecting data is by using a two-way radio communication. The use of emergency two-way radios has also increased in by different departments. Two-way radios come in two different types available to the public.

Types of two-way communication radios

walkie talkieWhat’s nice about these radios is they require no infrastructure. They only require fresh batteries and someone who is on the same channel, and with the same group code that you have. They are very effective with the utilization by core members in collecting and passing information back to the neighborhood into the command.

FRS radios have a limited range that is both good and bad. The good is that neighborhoods close to you who might be on the same frequency will not over talk your conversation. The bad is that unless you’re in the line of sight, your communications sometimes will be problematic. Local conditions do affect radio transmission. In this case, you will need to utilize a relay or a third person.

Features of a Two-way Radio

All radios regardless of their size shape or color, have common features. They’ll have an antenna, an on and off volume knob, a display screen and they will all have a push-to-talk button. These radios can select channels, group codes and to adjust the volume. As long as you have fresh batteries and your partner is on the same channel and group code that you’re on, you can speak to one another

How to Use a Two-way Radio Communication

There are two things you must remember when using a two-way radio. Always speak in a clear and concise voice, and you must push the “push to talk button” to speak, and you must release the push-to-talk button to listen. The channel must be the same channel as your team member. If you’re using privacy codes, you must also have the same privacy code.

Protocols when utilizing two-way radios

There are four different functions when speaking and listening on radio. The first one is contact. You are attempting to contact someone on your team by depressing the push-to-talk button and calling out that teams number. Acknowledgement is when that team that you’ve contacted responds to your call. Closure or a copy is utilized that you have understood the information and you are ready to proceed.

Setting up a neighborhood net

There are two different types of nets; a directed and closed net and multiple neighborhood nets with a directed or closed net, sometimes referred to as a conference call. A group on the same channel and with the same group code can all communicate with one another using the proper protocol that is a directed net.

A multiple neighborhood net is one where several neighborhoods with different frequencies can come together and discuss what incidents may be occurring in their neighborhood. By using a common channel, we encourage this type of group to be established. In other neighborhoods, volunteers are available to assist you in this effort


As you’ve seen, using two-way radio communication is easy. Please note that all your team members must be on the same frequency and utilize the same group code. You must have a supply of fresh batteries and remember to take your time and speak in a clear and concise voice. Push the “push to talk button” when speaking and release the push-to-talk button when listening.